Cincinnati Financial Q1 2024 results show robust growth By Investing.com



Cincinnati Financial Corporation (NASDAQ:) has announced strong financial results for the first quarter of 2024, with significant growth in net income and non-GAAP operating income. The company’s net income reached $755 million, bolstered by a substantial increase in the fair value of equity securities.

The property casualty combined ratio improved notably, and premium growth was robust across all insurance segments. The company’s commercial lines saw a 7% increase, while personal lines surged by 33%. Investment income also rose by 17%, with dividend income climbing by 9%.

Cincinnati Financial’s disciplined underwriting approach and strategic pricing have been key to its success, alongside the positive performance of its Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global segments, which produced considerable underwriting profits.

Key Takeaways

  • Net income for Cincinnati Financial was $755 million, with $484 million attributed to the increase in the fair value of equity securities.
  • Non-GAAP operating income nearly doubled to $272 million compared to the previous year.
  • Property casualty combined ratio improved by 7.1 points, driven by lower catastrophe losses.
  • Premium growth was strong, with commercial lines up by 7% and personal lines by 33%.
  • Investment income increased by 17%, with dividend income up by 9%.
  • Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global reported underwriting profits with combined ratios of 78.6% and 69.8%, respectively.
  • The company’s life insurance subsidiary saw net income of $19 million and a 17% increase in operating income.
  • Cincinnati Financial paid $116 million in dividends and repurchased 680,000 shares.
  • Steve Spray to succeed Steve Johnston as CEO at the upcoming Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

Company Outlook

  • Cincinnati Financial projects continued growth in commercial lines, with a focus on underwriting discipline and pricing strategy.
  • The company is optimistic about personal auto pricing and its strategy to become a premier writer for agents.
  • Expansion in excess and surplus (E&S) capability in nine states is expected to contribute to diversification efforts.
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Bearish Highlights

  • The company adjusted loss picks for commercial casualty and workers’ comp to reflect uncertainty and rate decreases.
  • Reported claim counts for other liability in commercial lines have decreased due to a severity issue.

Bullish Highlights

  • Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global segments demonstrated strong performance and underwriting profit.
  • New business production in commercial lines is growing, attributed to underwriting discipline and pricing strategy.
  • The commercial auto line is experiencing growth from both rate increases and new business.

Misses

  • No specific misses were highlighted in the provided context.

Q&A Highlights

  • Management expressed confidence in the pricing and risk selection for commercial auto.
  • Acknowledged the presence of inflation in commercial property but noted a slowdown in the rate of increase.

Cincinnati Financial’s first-quarter results for 2024 reveal a company that is experiencing strong growth and profitability. With disciplined pricing and underwriting strategies, the company has managed to increase its premium growth significantly, particularly in personal lines.

The company’s investment portfolio has also seen healthy growth, contributing to the overall positive financial performance. As Cincinnati Financial prepares for a leadership transition, with Steve Spray set to become the new CEO, the company continues to focus on strategic growth areas such as commercial auto and personal lines, while managing the challenges of inflation and claim severity in the commercial property space.

Shareholders and interested parties are invited to attend the upcoming Annual Meeting of Shareholders to engage further with the company’s executives and strategy.

InvestingPro Insights

Cincinnati Financial Corporation (CINF) has displayed a strong financial performance in the first quarter of 2024, and looking at the real-time data from InvestingPro can provide additional context to the company’s current position in the market.

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InvestingPro Data metrics show that Cincinnati Financial has a market capitalization of $17.74 billion and a price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of 7.56, which has slightly adjusted to 7.49 when looking at the last twelve months as of Q1 2024. This indicates a potentially undervalued stock relative to earnings. The company’s revenue growth has been impressive, with a 41.14% increase over the last twelve months, reflecting the robust premium growth highlighted in the article.

An InvestingPro Tip points out that Cincinnati Financial has raised its dividend for 5 consecutive years and has maintained dividend payments for an impressive 52 consecutive years. This consistency is a positive sign for income-focused investors and speaks to the company’s financial stability and commitment to returning value to shareholders.

Another InvestingPro Tip notes that despite recent downward revisions by analysts for the upcoming period, the company has been profitable over the last twelve months and analysts predict it will remain profitable this year. This suggests that while there may be some short-term challenges, the long-term outlook remains positive.

Investors interested in gaining deeper insights into Cincinnati Financial’s performance and future outlook can find additional InvestingPro Tips at https://www.investing.com/pro/CINF. Currently, there are several more tips available, offering a comprehensive analysis for those looking to make an informed investment decision. Use coupon code PRONEWS24 to get an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription.

Full transcript – Cincinnati Financial Corp (CINF) Q1 2024:

Operator: Good day, and Welcome to the Cincinnati Financial First Quarter 2024 Earnings Conference Call. All participants will be in listen-only mode. [Operator Instructions] Please note, today’s event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Dennis McDaniel, Investor Relations Officer. Please go ahead.

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Dennis McDaniel: Hello, this is Dennis McDaniel at Cincinnati Financial. Thank you for joining us for our first quarter 2024 earnings conference call. Late yesterday, we issued a news release on our results along with our supplemental financial package, including our quarter-end investment portfolio. To find copies of any of these documents, please visit our investor website cinfin.com/investors. The shortest route to the information is the Quarterly Results link in the Navigation menu on the far left. On this call, you’ll first hear from Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Steve Johnston; and then from Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Mike Sewell. After their prepared remarks, investors participating on the call may ask questions. At that time, some responses may be made by others in the room with us, including President Steve Spray; Chief Investment Officer, Steve Soloria; and Cincinnati Insurance’s Chief Claims Officer, Marc Schambow; and Senior Vice President of Corporate Finance, Theresa Hoffer. First, please note that some of the matters to be discussed today are forward-looking. These forward-looking statements involve certain risks and uncertainties. With respect to these risks and uncertainties, we direct your attention to our news release and to our various filings with the SEC. Also, a reconciliation of non-GAAP measures was provided with the news release. Statutory accounting data is prepared in accordance with statutory accounting rules and therefore is not reconciled to GAAP. Now, I’ll turn-over the call to Steve.

Steve Johnston: Good morning, and thank you for joining us today to hear more about our results. In short, we are off to a great start. Our first-quarter results reflect the success of our initiatives to continue balancing the profit and growth of our insurance operations coupled with strong investment income. Net income of $755 million for the first quarter of 2024 included recognition of $484 million on an after-tax basis were the increase in fair value of equity securities still held, representing about three quarters of the increase in net income. Strong operating results generated the rest of the increase. Non-GAAP operating income of $272 million for the first quarter nearly doubled last year’s $141 million, including a decrease in catastrophe losses of $93 million on an after-tax basis. The 93.6% first quarter 2024 property casualty combined ratio was 7.1 points better than the first quarter of last year, including a decrease of 6.9 points for catastrophe losses. While our combined ratio for accident year 2024 before catastrophe losses was a percentage point higher than accident year 2023 at three months, if we exclude Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global, the ratio improved by 1 point. Accident year 2024 also improved on a case incurred basis. However, we increased incurred but not reported or IBNR reserves as we continue to recognize uncertainty regarding ultimate losses and remain prudent in our reserve estimates until longer-term loss cost trends become more clear. We are also pleased with other measures indicating good momentum in our operating performance. Another quarter of pricing segmentation by risk plus average price increases helped to improve our underwriting profitability, combining with careful risk selection and other efforts to address elevated inflation effects on incurred losses. Agencies representing Cincinnati Insurance, supported by our experienced and professional associates produced another quarter of profitable business for us. Our underwriters continue to emphasize retaining profitable accounts and managing ones that we determine have inadequate pricing based on our risk selection and pricing expertise. Estimated average renewal price increases for the first quarter continued at a healthy pace with commercial lines near the low-end of the high single-digit percentage range, excess and surplus lines in the high single-digit range. Personal auto in the low double-digit range and homeowner in the high single-digit range. Our consolidated property casualty net written premiums grew 11% for the quarter with what we believe was a nice mix of new business and renewals. I’ll briefly review operating performance by insurance segment, highlighting premium growth and improved profitability compared to a year-ago. Commercial lines grew net written premiums 7% in the first quarter with a 96.5% combined ratio that improved by 3.9 percentage points, including 4.2 points from lower catastrophe losses. Personal lines grew net written premiums 33%, including growth in middle-market accounts in addition to private client business for our agency’s high-net worth clients. Its combined ratio was a very profitable 93.9%, 18.6 percentage points better than last year, including 15.9 points from lower catastrophe losses. Excess and surplus lines also produced a profitable combined ratio of 91.9%, rising 2 percentage points from the first quarter a year-ago, along with net written premium growth of 7%. Both Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global continue to produce significant underwriting profit, reflecting our efforts to diversify risk and further improve income stability. Cincinnati Re’s combined ratio for the first quarter of 2024 was an excellent 78.6%. That includes IBNR that we routinely carry for expected losses from reinsurance treaties. We believe our potential exposure for losses from the Baltimore bridge collapse is immaterial. Cincinnati Re’s net written premiums decreased by 12% overall, driven by a shifting casualty portfolio mix in response to changing market conditions. Property and specialty premiums increased due to attractive opportunities in pricing. Cincinnati Global’s combined ratio was also excellent at 69.8%, they again reported strong growth with net written premiums up 28%. Our life insurance subsidiary continued its strong performance, including first quarter 2024 net income of $19 million and operating income growth of 17%. Term life insurance earned premiums grew 2%. I’ll conclude with our primary measure of long-term financial performance to value-creation ratio. Our first quarter 2024 DCR was a strong 5.9%. Net income before investment gains or losses for the quarter contributed 2.3%, higher overall valuation of our investment portfolio and other items contributed 3.6%. Next, Chief Financial Officer, Mike Sewell, will add comments to highlight other parts of our financial performance.

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Mike Sewell: Thank you, Steve, and thanks for all of you for joining us today. Investment income growth continued at a strong pace, up 17% for the first quarter 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023. Dividend income was up 9% for the quarter despite net equity security sales for the first three months of 2024 that totaled $40 million. Bond interest income grew 21% for the first quarter of this year. We continue to add more fixed maturity securities to our investment portfolio with net purchases totaling $374 million for the first three months of the year. The first quarter pre-tax average yield of 4.65% for the fixed maturity portfolio was up 40 basis points compared with last year. The average pre-tax yield for the total of purchased taxable and tax-exempt bonds during the first quarter of 2024 was 5.79%. Valuation changes in aggregate for the first quarter 2024 were favorable for our equity portfolio and unfavorable for our bond portfolio. Before tax effects, the net gain was $602 million for the equity portfolio, partially offset by a net loss of $65 million for the bond portfolio. At the end of the quarter, total investment portfolio net appreciated value was approximately $6.6 billion. The equity portfolio was in a net gain position of $7.2 billion, while the fixed maturity portfolio was in a net loss position of $625 million. Cash flow continued to benefit investment income in addition to higher bond yields. Cash flow from operating activities for the first three months of 2024 was $353 million, up 41% from a year ago. Our expense management objectives include an appropriate balance between controlling expenses and making strategic investments in our business. The first quarter 2024 property casualty underwriting expense ratio was 0.7 percentage points higher than last year, primarily related to higher levels of profit-sharing commissions for agencies. Regarding loss reserves, our approach remains consistent and aims for net amounts in the upper half of the actuarily estimated range of net loss and loss expense reserves. As we do each quarter, we consider new information such as paid losses and case reserves. Then we updated estimated ultimate losses and loss expenses by accident year and line of business. For the first three months of 2024, our net addition to property casualty loss expense reserves was $233 million, including $272 million for the IBNR portion. During the first quarter, we experienced $100 million of property casualty net favorable reserve development on prior accident years that benefited the combined ratio by 5.0 percentage points. Almost every line of business had favorable development except for commercial casualty, which was unfavorable by just $254,000. We added reserves to several older prior accident years and reduced reserves for the three most recent accident years. On an all lines basis by accident year, net reserve development for the first three months of 2024 included favorable $184 million for 2023, favorable $24 million for 2022 and an unfavorable $108 million in aggregate for accident years prior to 2022. The unfavorable amount reflects our slowing the release of IBNR reserves for those older accident years. I’ll conclude my comments with capital management highlights, another area where we have a consistent long-term approach. We paid $116 million in dividends to shareholders during the first quarter of 2024. We also repurchased 680,000 shares at an average price per share of $109.89. We think our financial flexibility and our financial strength are both in excellent shape. Parent company cash and marketable securities at quarter-end was nearly $5 billion. Debt-to-total capital continued to be under 10% and our quarter-end book value was a record high, $80.83 per share with $12.7 billion of GAAP consolidated shareholders’ equity providing plenty of capacity for profitable growth of our insurance operations. Now, I’ll turn the call back over to Steve.

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Steve Johnston: Thank you, Mike. As we previously announced, this is my last conference call as CEO. Effective at our Annual Meeting of Shareholders next Saturday, President, Steve Spray will add the role of Chief Executive Officer. As I’ve mentioned before, Steve is the right person to build on our decade of profitable growth. He understands the importance of our agency-centered strategy and the unique advantages it brings. I’m confident in his abilities to bring innovative ideas together with the hallmarks of Cincinnati Insurance to create opportunities for shareholders, agents and associates. I look forward to continuing to work with him as Chairman of the Board. As a reminder, with Mike and me today are Steve Spray, Steve Soloria, Marc Schambow, and Theresa Hoffer. Raghav, please open the call for questions.

Operator: [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Charlie Lederer with Citi. Please go ahead.

Charlie Lederer: Hi, thanks. Good morning. You gave some helpful color on your loss picks, but I’m curious, how should we think about your loss picks in commercial casualty? Have you made any changes to your view of loss trend just given the trajectory of the current accident year loss ratio and are you baking in additional caution? Should we expect you to hold a bit more of a buffer near-term given uncertainty?

Steve Johnston: Yes. We feel confident, Charlie, with the loss pick that we had, we are reflecting uncertainty. There’s a lot of good going on in the commercial casualty with rates we feel exceeding our loss cost trends. However, for first quarter where there’s additional uncertainty, we are recognizing that in our loss ticket.

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Charlie Lederer: Got it. Thank you. Maybe in workers’ comp, it looks like pricing took an incremental step down in your initial loss ticket higher too. Is there anything in that pick, I guess, beyond pricing being down more or I guess, are you seeing anything there?

Mike Sewell: So, we’re just continuing to see the same trends that we have been seeing with rates under pressure there, but also strong performance historically from the line. We are though recognizing the uncertainty that it comes with the rate decreases with a little bit higher loss pick for the current year.

Charlie Lederer: Okay. Thank you.

Steve Johnston: Thank you.

Mike Sewell: Thank you.

Operator: And our next question comes from Mike Zaremski with BMO. Please go ahead.

Mike Zaremski: Hi, thanks. In the earnings release, you talked about the underlying loss ratio for commercial improving 1 point, but you said excluding Cincinnati Re and Global. But was there a reason you pointed that out is what — why did — I’m not sure I may have missed it, why did the Cincinnati Re, Global underlying loss ratio increase so much?

Steve Johnston: Yes I think the point of pointing is out is we have the three segments commercialized, personalized, in excess of surplus lines. To get to the consolidated, you also have to add the other portion, which includes Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global. So, since the first three segments I mentioned had improvements, we pointed out those in the other segment. I will emphasize that things are going great for both Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global. I think one of the things that — as we mentioned, we don’t think we have material exposure to the bridge collapse in Baltimore. We have been shaping the Cincinnati Re book in a very positive manner in terms of derisking. And so I think one of the things that caused the attritional to go up if we compare it to the same quarter a year ago is that the mix has shifted to a little bit more of a pro rata or proportional reinsurance, which would have less risk margin in it. It would have a higher attritional pick, but there would be less volatility there. And so I think that would be driving what we’re seeing there in Cincinnati Re, a very strong zero CATs for the quarter, 10.4 points of favorable development versus 7.7 of adverse a year ago. I think the $14 million in favorable development that we show, about $13 million of it came from 2023. With the full year combined ratio of 2023 at 77.7% in this first quarter at a strong 78.6%, this hard work in reshaping the book has really paid off. The inception-to-date combined ratio at the end of the year 2022 was 101.2 and with those two strong marks in the full year of 2023 and the first quarter here and now in just over a year, our inception-to-date is at 94.5. So I think the action is paying off and it does show a higher pick in the current action year, but I think it’s a less risky portfolio at this point. I think the same thing for Cincinnati Global, but I don’t know if you want to talk a little bit more about Cincinnati Global?

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Mike Sewell: For Cincinnati Global, same thing, strong 69.8%. They have had three consecutive years now as a top quartile Lloyd’s underwriter and while they’ve done that, they’ve been diversifying in terms of their footprint by product line, by geography, and they’re also providing an additional avenue for access to Lloyd’s for the agents that are appointed by CIC. So a lot of positive at CGU reflected with strong results. And again, it’s pretty tough at Lloyd’s to be top quartile three years in a row the way they’ve done. Also this quarter, zero CATs versus 11.1 a year ago. And then the reserve development is favorable by 25.6 points this year versus adverse by 3.2 a year ago. So I think in both of those businesses, there’s a ton of positive going on. And we’ve only pointed it out so that the math would be easier as you saw the consolidated CLD, the commercialized department, the personal lines and the excess and surplus and then to add the other portion to get to the consolidated.

Mike Zaremski: Okay. That’s helpful color. And I guess would you say then because of some of the business mix-shift and since they read and we should be thinking about the underlying loss ratio structurally being maybe a little bit higher, but then — but less potential volatility around the overall combined ratio at? Did I interject, did you guys want to say something else or I’ll move on to my follow-up?

Steve Johnston: No, please move on to the follow-up.

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Mike Zaremski: Okay. Thanks. So just thinking about going commercial lines ex Reinsurance and Global. You’ve been on along this path of taking action to add, I guess, some reserves or just conservatism into your picks given the inflationary environment which you’re — clearly is persisting a bit. If I look at like overall top line growth and maybe I’ll — you can talk about the whole segment, but I’ll just focus on commercial casualty because that’s been one of the areas where inflation has been higher than expected. If I look at just overall top line growth, net premium written growth, now it’s still not at I think your historical levels relative to the industry, but it has been ticking up a bit. And are you — so given you’re still in an environment where you seem to be kind of adding more IBNR, are you getting to a point, is pricing at a level or is the environment there where you want to start playing more offense? Or are we still kind of in the — it’s best to be cautious in terms of your top line growth.

Mike Sewell: So yes, I think that we can balance the two. I think we feel good about our growth, double digit overall at 11%, really strong growth in Personal lines. And with each of our lines, we write it on a package basis for Commercial lines, and so there’s going to be a little bit of variance between the different lines. But we think we are in a good place with our pricing, but we realize that you need to stick to adequate pricing. And you can’t fall into a trap where if others are underpricing business that you follow that path. So we’re going to maintain the discipline, charge the adequate rate on a on a risk by risk basis and we think that offers us plenty of opportunity to grow the company.

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Mike Zaremski: And one quick follow-up, and I might have asked this in the past, but within your commercial casualty, the US non-global and reinsurance portfolio, I believe you might think about things between small — very small commercial versus mid versus large or maybe I’m incorrect, but just curious if you’re — now that you’ve had more time to reflect on results, it is — doesn’t the inflationary issues you have brought up, have they been emanating from any certain parts of the business mix other than just…

Steve Johnston: Yes, I think we’re doing a good job of pricing adequately in all those areas. I do think and I pointed out on the calls before, you really do have to pay a close attention to the higher levels because there’s a leveraged effect of inflation with every layer that you go up for a constant ground-up inflation rate, there’ll be more or higher inflation with each layer as you go up because of the layer below inflating into the higher layer. But we’ve been on this for some time. We’ve got some really talented actuaries that are working with our larger risks and we feel we were addressing it early-on from the beginning and that we’re in a good position across the board.

Mike Zaremski: Thanks for the color.

Steve Johnston: Thank you.

Operator: Thanks very much. And our next question comes from Michael Phillips with Oppenheimer. Please go ahead.

Michael Phillips: Thanks, good morning. In terms of personal auto, your comments, Steve, in the beginning, were pretty similar in terms of pricing from last quarter. You had a bit of an uptick back in the loss ratio there. I guess, can you remind us where you expect this year to kind of pan out in terms of just the profitability of personal auto and when you think your pricing will maybe peak and start to come back down? It looks like — and you don’t give it, but you’re probably still above 100% combined ratio there. So when do you expect kind of profitability in personal auto?

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Steve Johnston: I think we’re in a good position. Personal lines across the board, it is sold a lot on a package — in a package position. The first quarter was — for current accident year was actually down a little bit from first quarter a year ago and pretty flat with the full year. So we feel we feel good about the pricing that we’ve been able to get-in auto, home and in the other lines. And we think it will reap benefits. And I think Steve’s got a little to add-on.

Steve Spray: Yes, thanks for the question, Mike. I think one of the strengths that we have going and it’s been a plan we’ve been executing on, continue to work on for the last several years. So it’s nothing new. But I think it’s adding value to the company and to our agents is that we’ve become a premium or premier writer for our agents both in the middle-market space and in the high-net worth. And that gives us both product diversification as well as geographic diversification. High-net worth, while we write it everywhere, tends to be maybe a little more focused in certain geographies. High-net worth or private client is heavier on the property side. And then on the middle-market, we give geographic diversification as that book is primarily, I’ll call it, a Midwestern, Southeastern part of the US book of business and it’s heavier in auto. So we’re getting one, being that much more important to each of our agents, being able to attract more of their business, but at the same time, get the diversification both geographically and by line of business.

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Steve Johnston: Yes, I think too, just the history of personal lines in general with the $795 million combined this year. Last year, we were over just a touch over $100 million and then it was what, the four prior years to 2023, we were under $100 million. So we’ve really — I think we’ve demonstrated a history of being able to price personal lines pretty darn well across the spectrum as Steve mentions.

Steve Spray: And then now I might add, we’ve got our — we’ve got the E&S capability that we can provide solutions for our agents and their clients. And that’s now active in nine states. So we just feel really good about all personal lines, the growth there, the momentum that we have. So, feel very bullish on personal lines.

Michael Phillips: Okay, thank you. Next one is just back on the commercial lines and this is kind of a number-specific question. So, if it requires a follow-up, I’m happy to do so. But if I look at your claim — reported claim counts that you give in your statutory data, for other liability, it’s down significantly for 2023 accident year. I mean more so than the 2020 accident year COVID-related. So I don’t know if there’s a data thing there or not, but reported claim counts at 12 months or 15% down in other liability. I don’t know if that’s something that you’ve seen or expect or can you comment on that? Again, paid losses aren’t, but the reported claim counts for GL, i.e., the liability are down significantly at age 12.

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Steve Johnston: Yes, they are. And I think that’s very helpful in terms of the way we’re underwriting the book. It is a severity issue that we’re seeing there.

Michael Phillips: So you recognize the frequency is down significantly then for other liabilities, Steve?

Steve Johnston: Yes, we do.

Michael Phillips: Okay. All right. Thank you.

Operator: And our next question today comes from Greg Peters at Raymond James. Please go ahead.

Greg Peters: Good morning, everyone. So the first question I’ll focus on is just growth in the commercial lines business because it seems like you’re — when you look at the stats from a new business production, you’re having a lot of success there. And I was wondering if you could give us some sense on how your quote to bind ratio is working or give us some parameters to think about it because I guess given the results, we’d expect some increased competition at some point that doesn’t seem to necessarily be reflecting in your numbers.

Steve Spray: Thanks for the question, Greg. Steve Spray. If you recall last year throughout 2023, especially starting the year, our new commercial lines business was under pressure really for that first six months and we were down quite a bit on the same over 2022. We were really executing on underwriting term condition, pricing discipline through that first six months. We stuck to our guns. I think some others maybe just had a little different view of the risk and our new business was under pressure. On the back half of 2023, we continue to see our new business improve. We stuck to our guns as well. We stayed disciplined in the pricing, the underwriting terms and conditions. Back half of 2023, new business really picked up. That is obviously — that trend has obviously continued into 2024. The beauty of it is that like Steve said, we’re a package underwriter, we look at every single risk on its own merits and we have the tools to price the business with predictive analytics for each major line of business, look at it by line of business and then for the total account. So I see runway still for new business and commercial lines in 2024, but like Steve said, the key is that we stay disciplined with our underwriting and our pricing and earn the business, not buy it.

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Greg Peters: Yes, that makes sense. So another topic that’s come up that you guys have talked about is the concept of a multi-year policy that I know you guys use in certain lines of business. Can you give us an update on where you are with the three-year policies, which lines of business and has it increased as a percentage of your total book, et cetera?

Steve Spray: I mean, you may have to follow-up on that, which percentage has increased, Greg. But yes, this is the three-year policy in general, it’s a differentiator for us. It’s something that we have been very committed to for many years and remain committed today. I think it’s even better that we write three-year policies today because we have the sophisticated segment and pricing that we do. So our underwriters, when they quote a three-year, whether it be new or renewal, just as a reminder, even though we have a three-year package policy, about 75% of the premium that we have in commercial lines is adjusted on an annual basis. So it’d be those accounts that are coming off of a three-year are actually renewing, our commercial auto, our commercial umbrella and then workers’ compensation are all adjusted annually. It’s really just the property, the general liability, crime, and the marine where that rate is guaranteed. Now, I will tell you this too. Our three-year policy on a loss ratio standpoint outperforms our one-year policy. So our underwriters are executing with our agents on the — not only the science of underwriting, but the art and intuitively, they are picking our best business, our best price business to put on a three-year package and the results show that. So we’re committed to it. Our retentions are much better on a three-year policy in the middle of that three-year policy. So I think that helps agents’ retentions, it helps ours. It’s an expense. It certainly helps on the expense side. And then I think most importantly, it shows our agents and it shows our policyholders that we’re a company that is looking for long-term relationships. And we’re committed to the three-year and we think it gives us an advantage in the marketplace.

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Greg Peters: Yes, the percentage question, just I feel like this would be the time to be using more of that in this market considering the market conditions. And so I was just curious if it’s, from a commercial standpoint, we can take it offline, but that’s where I was thinking — what I was thinking about when I was asking for percentages.

Steve Spray: Yes. Okay. No, I got it. That makes total sense. Greg. Yes, wherever we feel like we can get the adequate price on account, we are wanting to use our three-year package policy.

Greg Peters: Got it. Thanks for the answers.

Steve Spray: Thank you.

Operator: And our next question comes from Grace Carter at Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Grace Carter: Hi, everyone. Looking at the commercial casualty core loss ratio, just given that it’s a bit higher than it ran in the latter part of last year as well as the commentary on increased IBNR, I was just curious if that’s primarily driven by GL or excess casualty or if it’s a mix of both this quarter. And I was just curious if there is — if you all could comment on how you’re thinking about rate adequacy across both of those pieces of the book.

Steve Johnston: I think it’s kind of across the board, Grace. I do think that higher pick is something that we would do in the first quarter. Typically, we have run the first quarter a little bit higher than the full year prior just due to the newness of the accident year, but we feel very good. We feel very good about the way that we are our pricing the GL and really across the spectrum there, including the umbrella.

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Grace Carter: Thank you. And I guess on the commercial auto side, it looks like growth picked up a little bit this quarter. I was just wondering if that indicates that maybe you all are starting to add some additional units rather than just top line growth being primarily driven by rate. And just kind of curious on how you all are thinking about potential growth in that environment, just given that it has been such a challenging line for the industry for so long?

Steve Spray: Yes. Thanks for the question, Grace. Again, Steve Spray. It’s a little bit of both. Candidly, it’s — we’re still getting ranked through that commercial book and we are growing the new business. Again, we’re a package writer. So we don’t write monoline auto. That auto would come along with the rest of the package. And again, feel really good about the pricing that we have in commercial auto and our direction there. If you recall back, I think it was back to 2016, 2017 when we really undertook some real tough action on our commercial auto book, both in risk selection and then primarily in pricing, and really had commercial auto in a good place. Inflation came along and we had to — we obviously had to work with that, but feel really good about where that commercial auto book is, both from a pricing risk selection and looking to grow that book as well along with our package business, again, risk-by-risk and adequate pricing.

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Grace Carter: Thank you.

Steve Spray: Thank you, Grace.

Steve Johnston: Thank you, Grace.

Operator: [Operator Instructions] Our next question comes from Meyer Shields with KBW. Please go ahead.

Meyer Shields: Great. Thanks so much. To go back to the Cincinnati Global and Reinsurance side of things, just I’m not sure I understand, when you talk about lower volatility, is that a function of less seasonality or less catastrophic exposure?

Steve Johnston: It would be less catastrophic exposure.

Meyer Shields: Okay, perfect. The second question sort of related. Can you talk about what you’re seeing in terms of the year-over-year, I guess, trend or the observed claim inflation rate for commercial property, is that decelerating at all compared to last year?

Steve Johnston: I think we still see inflation. We look at so much on a risk by risk basis that I don’t know that I have a good number for you across the board on what we’re seeing with inflation. And it’s been a sticky thing in the inflation rates on insurance related items, building materials and wages and so forth have been higher than the general CPI. So we take a cautious view, but certainly the rate of the increase in the second derivatives has been slowing down.

Meyer Shields: Okay, perfect. That’s very helpful. And Steve, congratulations and thanks for everything.

Steve Johnston: Well, thank you Meyer. it’s been great.

Operator: Thank you. This concludes our question-and-answer session. I’d like to turn the conference back over to Management for any closing remarks.

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Steve Johnston: Thank you to everyone for their excellent questions and thank you for joining us today. We hope to see some of you at our shareholder meeting next Saturday, May 4 at the Cincinnati Financial Headquarters Office here. You’re welcome to listen to our webcast of the meeting also available at cinfin.com/investors. Steve and Mike, look forward to speaking with you again on our second quarter call.

Operator: Thank you. This concludes today’s conference call. We thank you all for attending today’s presentation. You may now disconnect your lines and have a wonderful day.

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